Kevin Shelley, UW NPM Program
With profit margins tight, this spring is a good time for manure spreader weighing and calibration on dairy and livestock farms. Determining the weight of an average load of manure is an important step in the process of determining valuable nutrient credits from a farm’s solid or semi-solid manure applications. Accurate nutrient crediting depends on knowing both the application rate and the nutrient content of the manure. Knowing how much manure is being applied from each load helps determine the application rate part of the equation.
Farmers can get a load weight by weighing a “representative” load of the solid or semi-solid manure they have on the farm. This can always be done by driving a load to the nearest scale, such as at a grain elevator, feed mill or gravel pit. If there are no stationery scales nearby, portable weigh pad scales can be brought to the farm. Many county land and water conservation agencies or extension offices have scales, or have access to them through the University of Wisconsin Nutrient and Pest Management Program (NPM). Farmers or farm consultants can check with their County Cooperative Extension agricultural agent to see who in the county has scales. Once the average load weight is known, manure application rates, in tons per-acre, can be calculated by keeping track of the number of loads spread on a field or area of known acreage. Knowing the application rate, together with the nutrient content of the manure, will allow calculation of the amount of N, P and K that can be credited toward crop needs as recommended by a soil test.
NPM has produced instructional videos on spreader calibration.
Educational publications and worksheets useful for spreader calibration can be accessed on the IPCM website. Click on “publications” and then “nutrient management” to find publications such as Know How Much You haul http://ipcm.wisc.edu/download/pubsNM/KnowHowMuchYouHaul.pdf and the Manure Load Worksheet http://ipcm.wisc.edu/download/pubsNM/ManureWS.pdf. Nutrient Management Fast Facts provides guidelines for estimating manure nutrient content http://ipcm.wisc.edu/download/pubsNM/NutrientManagementFastFacts.pdf. For more information or assistance, call Kevin Shelley at 608-575-4746.